Simple prepositions are short words that we usually use before a noun/substantive to indicate the relation of the noun to a verb, an adjective, or another noun. English prepositions form a very large list, over 150 in total, and they can be very tricky to master with a lot of exceptions to every rule. The most common prepositions in English are simple prepositions like: at, in, on, by, to, for, until, since, before, after, about, from, with etc. The list of prepositions is very long and here in this lesson we will elaborate on simple prepositions of time and place.
Simple prepositions of time: at, in, on, by, until, to, before, since, ago, past and for.
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Simple prepositions of place (direction and position): at, in, on, by, from, to, through, across, above, over, under, into, onto, towards and next.
Essential English Grammar – A Friendly Approach
Lesson #43: Simple prepositions
Prepositions are short words such as, but, in, at, on, that come in different categories and indicate or express the relationship of a noun/pronoun with the rest of the sentence. There are simple, compound, double, participial, and double prepositions. The most common type of prepositions are simple prepositions, so we will focus only on simple prepositions.
Simple prepositions are short words that we use before a noun/pronoun to indicate the relationship of the noun to the verb, adjective, or another noun. Simple prepositions are composed mainly of two types; time and place.
- Hi, my name’s Henry. Nice to meet you.
- Hello, good to meet you Henry. I’m Jane.
- What do you do for a living, Jane?
- Well, I’m a software engineer. I work at1 a software company in
- That sounds like a very technical type of For how long have you been at2 the company?
- I’ve been working there since 2009, but by3 next year I plan on moving and working for another company in4 south-east London.
- Why did you decide to change your job?
- It’s mainly because the commute5 to6 and from7 work is a real pain8. It takes me about two hours, and I have to commute through a lot of It’s hard work.
- That’s a pity, but at least you managed to find another job that’s closer to your home now.
- That’s right, and I only have to wait until9 next year before I can finally change jobs.
- Best of luck to you.
- At: a preposition of place to describe a place (position at a point) where you are. ‘’I’m at Burger King’’. ‘’I work at home’’.
- At: a company is a place that’s located at a point somewhere, so we use the preposition, at.
- By: to denote time, that is, by can mean ‘no later than’.
- In: preposition of place and time. In is being used as a preposition of place meaning ‘in a large area’, such as a city or country. I.e., ‘’He lives in Paris’’.
- Commute: we use this word in English exclusively for the trip to and from work. ‘’He commutes every day to work, and it takes him twenty-five minutes’’.
- To: a preposition of place meaning ‘from one place to another place’, and time, for telling the time. I.e., ‘’I work from 21:00 to 23:00 every night’’.
- From: preposition of place meaning origin. I.e., ‘’I come from Nigeria’’. Also, it’s a preposition of time, I.e., ‘’He works from morning to dusk’’.
- A real pain: an expression denoting that something or someone is a bother.
- Until: preposition of time marking the beginning of something until it ends. I.e., ‘’I worked in the centre until 2010’’.
- I need to have my homework assignment done by next Tuesday, and I’m not sure If I’m able to finish it on
- Sure, you can! Stop moaning about it and make time rather than complain.
- What do you suggest I do then?
- You need to do it at night, in the morning and on weekdays and weekends. If you do this, you’ll definitely finish your assignment by next Tuesday.
- You’re right, but I can only really concentrate for about two hours at a time before I get demotivated and tired.
- Well, If I were you, I would study in parts, that is, from 09:00 to 11:00, 12:00 to 14:00 etc.
- Good idea. I guess I’m just not looking forward to doing so much work.
- That’s school you know. You’ve got to do what they ask of you. When you complete it, we’ll go for a drink on
- Great, I’ll look forward to it.
- Articles (a/an, the, zero article)
- Pronouns: subject, object and possessive
- Question tags
- English conditionals
- Interrogatives in English
- Phrasal verbs
- Prefixes and suffixes
- Reported and direct speech
- Numbers: cardinal, ordinal, and Roman numbers
- The verb: “get”
- ‘Get’ vs. ‘go’ and ‘got’ vs. ‘gotten’
- Copular verbs
- Cleft sentences
- Subjunctive in English
- Vulgar and taboo in English
- Split infinitive
- Emphasis with inversion
- Gerunds in English
- To + infinitive
- Bare infinitive
- British and American spelling