Construction: be + verb + – ing (gerund)
(1) We use the present continuous or the present progressive to talk about actions that are happening right now, before or after a continuous action.
- Are you walking?
- The baby is crying.
- They aren’t doing their homework.
- You look beautiful when you are smiling.
- He is usually working around 14h.
(2) We use the present continuous to talk about the near future.
- Are you coming to the beach tomorrow with us?
- I am meeting her later on tonight.
- James is going to come to the party tonight.
(3) We use the present continuous to talk about situations that are developing and changing.
- Our boy is getting taller and stronger as each day passes.
- The sky is becoming more grey.
- Due to climate change, the temperatures are rising.
(4) We can use the present continuous or the present simple to talk about permanent or temporary situations.
- I am still living at home.
- She is studying maths.
- He is writing letters to his uncle.
(5) We can use the present continuous or present simple to talk about physical feelings.
- I am feeling rather sick. / I feel rather sick.
- His head is aching. / His head aches.
- My bruise is hurting. / My bruise hurts.