Construction: be + verb + – ing (gerund)
Example verb: build
|I am building||We are building|
|You are building||You (guys) are building|
|He/she/it is building||They are building|
(1) We use the present continuous or the present progressive to talk about actions that are happening right now, before or after a continuous action.
- Are you walking?
- The baby is crying.
- They aren’t doing their homework.
- You look beautiful when you are smiling.
- He is usually working around 14h.
(2) We use the present continuous to talk about the near future.
- Are you coming to the beach tomorrow with us?
- I am meeting her later on tonight.
- James is going to come to the party tonight.
(3) We use the present continuous to talk about situations that are developing and changing.
- Our boy is getting taller and stronger as each day passes.
- The sky is becoming more grey.
- Due to climate change, the temperatures are rising.
(4) We can use the present continuous or the present simple to talk about permanent or temporary situations.
- I am still living at home.
- She is studying maths.
- He is writing letters to his uncle.
(5) We can use the present continuous or present simple to talk about physical feelings.
- I am feeling rather sick. / I feel rather sick.
- His head is aching. / His head aches.
- My bruise is hurting. / My bruise hurts.
Active voice verbs:
- Articles (a/an, the, zero article)
- Pronouns: subject, object and possessive
- Question tags
- English conditionals
- Interrogatives in English
- Phrasal verbs
- Prefixes and suffixes
- Reported and direct speech
- Numbers: cardinal, ordinal, and Roman numbers
- The verb: “get”
- ‘Get’ vs. ‘go’ and ‘got’ vs. ‘gotten’
- Copular verbs
- Cleft sentences
- Subjunctive in English
- Vulgar and taboo in English
- Split infinitive
- Emphasis with inversion
- Gerunds in English
- To + infinitive
- Bare infinitive
- British and American spelling