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Future perfect

Construction: will/shall + have + past participle (shown,seen)

Example verb: commute

I will have commuted   We will have commuted
You will have commuted You (guys) will have commuted
He/she/it will have commuted   They will have commuted
(1) The future perfect is used to say that an action will be completed by a specified time in the future.
  • By 2020 I will have travelled to New Zealand.
  • She will have left her country to go abroad next year.
  • By next month they all will have received their promotion.
  • Next school year coming She’ll have learned/learnt how to drive.
(2) We use the future perfect to talk about something that will continue up until another action occurs in the future.
  • We will have been here for eight months when he arrives.
  • They shall have been with that shop for years by next Thursday.
  • Susana will have lived in Madrid for two years by next March when her friend arrives.
(3) Note that, we can use the ‘be going to + have +past participle’ form as a substitute for the will + have + participle’ form as the future perfect tense.  ‘Am/is/are + going + to + have + past participle’
  • She is going to have lived in Paris for eight years by next December.
  • am going to have learned six languages if I continue my studying at this rate.

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