Construction: will/shall + have + past participle (shown,seen)
Example verb: commute
|I will have commuted||We will have commuted|
|You will have commuted||You (guys) will have commuted|
|He/she/it will have commuted||They will have commuted|
(1) The future perfect is used to say that an action will be completed by a specified time in the future.
- By 2020 I will have travelled to New Zealand.
- She will have left her country to go abroad next year.
- By next month they all will have received their promotion.
- Next school year coming She’ll have learned/learnt how to drive.
(2) We use the future perfect to talk about something that will continue up until another action occurs in the future.
- We will have been here for eight months when he arrives.
- They shall have been with that shop for years by next Thursday.
- Susana will have lived in Madrid for two years by next March when her friend arrives.
(3) Note that, we can use the ‘be going to + have +past participle’ form as a substitute for the will + have + participle’ form as the future perfect tense. ‘Am/is/are + going + to + have + past participle’
- She is going to have lived in Paris for eight years by next December.
- I am going to have learned six languages if I continue my studying at this rate.
Active voice verbs:
- Articles (a/an, the, zero article)
- Pronouns: subject, object and possessive
- Question tags
- English conditionals
- Interrogatives in English
- Phrasal verbs
- Prefixes and suffixes
- Reported and direct speech
- Numbers: cardinal, ordinal, and Roman numbers
- The verb: “get”
- ‘Get’ vs. ‘go’ and ‘got’ vs. ‘gotten’
- Copular verbs
- Cleft sentences
- Subjunctive in English
- Vulgar and taboo in English
- Split infinitive
- Emphasis with inversion
- Gerunds in English
- To + infinitive
- Bare infinitive
- British and American spelling