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Pasado perfecto

Pasado perfecto construcción: had + participio (worked, saved) 

Verbo ejemplar: move

I had moved   We had moved
You had moved You (guys) had moved
He/she/it had moved They had moved
(1) Usamos el pluscuamperfecto o pasado perfecto para hablar acerca de una acción terminada antes del pasado (el pasado antes del pasado).
  • had left the office before 18h yesterday. 
  • You had not told me about this before.
  • She explained to me that she had completed the project.

Lo que va subrayado en rojo son verbos y adverbios que indican el pasado, así el Pluscuamperfecto tiene que seguir, porque la acción está terminada en el pasado antes que otra.

Verbos en Inglés – Guía Completa

Lección #22: Pasado perfecto

Explicación

Construcción: had + participio pasado (seen, looked, spoken, explained etc.)

Verbo de ejemplo: to look

I had looked   We had looked
You had looked   You (guys) had looked
He/she/it had looked   They had looked
     
  • El pasado perfecto se utiliza para hablar de una acción completa antes del pasado (el pasado antes del pasado).
Contexto
  • Had you left the office before six o’clock last night, Jennifer?1
  • Yes, I believe I had left before six,2 although it’s possible it could have been a little later. Why?
  • Oh, nothing really. I was just wondering3 because there had supposed to be a fire drill last night,4 but so far, no one has heard anything regarding a fire drill occurring.
  • Had anyone told you about a fire drill previously?5
  • Um,6 to be honest, no. No one had told me anything.7 The only reason why I thought that maybe there had been a fire drill8 was because I overheard two colleagues in the other department talking about it. That’s all.
  • Yes, well, you’ve got to be careful when overhearing things because you’ll never have the whole context of what is being said.
  • Spot on!
Análisis
  1. Had you left the office before six o’clock last night, Jennifer? El pasado perfecto se está utilizando para mostrar un pasado antes del pasado. En este caso, el primer pasado es left the office y el otro pasado es last night.
  2. I believe I had left before six. El pasado perfecto se utiliza para expresar el pasado antes del pasado. El primer pasado, had left, y el segundo pasado, before six.
  3. I was just wondering. Esta expresión se utiliza con mucha frecuencia en inglés cuando queremos solicitar algo y no queremos sonar resueltos ni agresivos. Generalmente, se da a entender que se desea algo cuando se utiliza la expresión ‘just wondering’.
  4. Because there had supposed to be a fire drill last night. El pasado perfecto se utiliza para expresar un pasado antes de un pasado. El primer pasado es fire drill y el segundo pasado es last night.
  5. Had anyone told you about a fire drill previously? El pasado perfecto (had anyone told) se usa aquí para mostrar el pasado antes del pasado.
  6. Um. Esto es una interjección. Las interjecciones no tienen ningún sentido gramatical y aquí um es una manera de mostrar un signo de ‘no saber’.
  7. No one had told me anything. El pasado perfecto (had told) describe la acción no one had told me anything que en este caso implica el pasado antes del pasado, de ahí el pasado perfecto.
  8. The only reason why I thought that maybe there had been a fire drill. El pasado perfecto en esta frase es had been a fire drill. La acción de la fire drill es un pasado antes que el otro pasado I thought. Por lo tanto, se utiliza aquí el pasado perfecto.

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