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Pasado continuo

Pasado continuo construcción: was/were + gerundio (verbo + -ing)

Verbo ejemplar: dress

I was dressing   We were dressing
You were dressing You (guys) were dressing
He/she/it was dressing   They were dressing
(1) Usamos el pasado continuo para hablar sobre una acción en el pasado que se prolongaba o que estaba a punto de ser interrumpida.
  • was studying yesterday for over five hours.
  • You were watching the game yesterday when your mum came in. (‘your mum came in’ está interrumpiendo la acción ‘watching the game’).
  • What were you doing on Saturday? I was playing video games.
(2) Se usa el pasado continuo para hablar sobre acciones paralelas en el pasado (más de una acción sucediendo a la vez).
  • They were working yesterday while their colleagues were enjoying their time outside.
  • She was helping her friend while her friend was cleaning her room.
(3) Podemos usar el pasado continuo para hablar sobre el ambiente del pasado.
  • When we entered the mall there were people yelling and shoppers were screaming at one another.
  • Yesterday when I went to the football game I saw that people were happily cheering on their local teams.

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(4) Recuerda, generalmente usamos adverbios con el pasado continuo para modificar el verbo, adjetivos u otros adverbios que van en la misma oración. Adverbios como; only, just, still, ever, always, sometimes, etc.
  • What were you doing in the office after hours yesterday? I was just hanging around to see if could find my friend.
  • She was never going to see him in the first place.
  • When she arrived yesterday I was still waiting for her for over thirty minutes.

Verbos en Inglés – Guía Completa

Lección #19: Pasado continuo

Explicación

Construcción: was/were + gerundio (verbo + –ing)

Verbo de ejemplo: to watch

I was watching   We were watching
You were watching You (guys) were watching
He/she/it was watching      They were watching
  • Usamos el pasado continuo para hablar de una acción en el pasado que se prolongaba o que estaba a punto de ser interrumpida.
  • Usamos el pasado continuo para hablar de acciones paralelas en el pasado (más de una acción que ocurre al mismo tiempo).
  • Podemos usar el pasado continuo para hablar sobre la atmósfera o el ambiente del pasado.
  • Recuerda, generalmente usamos adverbios con el pasado continuo para modificar el verbo, adjetivo u otros adverbios que van en la oración. Adverbios tales como: only, just, still, ever, always, never, sometimes, etc.
Contexto
  • What were you doing last weekend, Katie?1
  • I was preparing for an exam.2
  • Oh, what kind of exam?
  • Well, I was preparing for an English literature exam that I had to do last Friday.3
  • How did you find it?
  • To be honest, even though I was studying all weekend I still felt like I hadn’t prepared enough for the exam. It’s just, you have to remember so much information.
  • How was the exam?
  • It went OK, but I felt as if I was forgetting too many important details because I was going through a lot of stress.4
  • Yes, but what kind of exam was it?
  • It consisted of two parts, a writing and five questions.
  • Interesting, so how did your studying go, then?
  • It wasn’t the best. While I was studying my little brother was always bothering me by playing his PlayStation far too loudly.5 It was extremely annoying.6
  • I bet it was!
  • To make matters worse, while I was trying to study, he was constantly yelling and screaming as he was playing.7
  • Little brothers can be so annoying.
Análisis
  1. What were you doing last weekend, Katie? El pasado continuo (were you doing) se utiliza para describir una acción que se prolonga en el pasado, es decir, la duración de la acción duró algún tiempo.
  2. I was preparing for an exam. El pasado continuo se utiliza aquí (was preparing) para describir una acción que se estaba prolongando.
  3. I was preparing for an English literature exam that I had to do last Friday. El pasado continuo se utiliza para describir una acción prolongada en el pasado.
  4. I was forgetting too many important details because I was going through a lot of stress. El pasado continuo se utiliza dos veces aquí, y se están produciendo dos acciones paralelas en el pasado, es decir, dos acciones que se estaban produciendo al mismo tiempo, por lo tanto, se utiliza el pasado continuo.
  5. While I was studying my little brother was always bothering me by playing his PlayStation far too loudly. Hay dos acciones paralelas sucediendo. La primera acción: studying, y la segunda acción: the little brother playing his PlayStation. Por eso se utiliza aquí el pasado continuo.
  6. It was extremely annoying. El adverbio ‘extremely’ se utiliza con el pasado continuo. Recuerda, es muy común usar adverbios con el pasado continuo. I.e., I was really annoying my sister. You were speaking loudly. Los adverbios ‘really’ y ‘loudly’ están modificando los verbos ‘annoy’ y ‘speak’.
  7. While I was trying to study, he was constantly yelling and screaming as he was playing. Aquí, dos acciones paralelas se están produciendo al mismo tiempo, por lo que se utilizan las formas pasadas continúas.

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