Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Discurso indirecto / Reported speech

El discurso indirecto o reported speech en inglés es el acto de citar lo que una persona ha dicho. Hay dos maneras diferentes de citar lo que otros hablantes dicen, 1) puedes usar ‘discurso directo’, que es el acto de copiar exactamente lo que el emisor/hablante ha dicho, y, si el discurso fuera de manera escrita, tendrías que utilizar comillas. Luego, tenemos 2) ‘el discurso indirecto’. Al usar el discurso indirecto o reported speech cambias varios elementos de la oración para que funcione gramaticalmente. Tales como: el orden de las palabras y pronombres y, más importante, los tiempos verbales que sean regidos por reglas. Abajo, vamos a elaborar su uso..

Ejemplo de el discurso directo y el discurso indirecto/reported speech
  • Discurso directo: ”I like going to the park”.  Reporter: She said ”I like going to the park”.
  • Discurso indirecto/reported speech: ”I like going to the park”. Reporter: ”She said, (that) she liked going to the park”.

En el primer ejemplo que usa ‘discurso directo’, la frase va así ‘I like going to the park’.  Esto fue reportado de manera directa, sin cambios, de ahí el término ‘discurso directo’

En el segundo ejemplo, ‘discurso indirecto’, ‘I like going to the park’. Esto fue reportado de manera indirecta, ‘She said she liked going to the park’. Este reporte añade cambios, por ejemplo: los pronombres. El reportero del discurso ahora está hablando en el momento presente, así que hace falta un cambio de verbo.

Aquí abajo os enseño un gráfico de las reglas del discurso indirecto de todas las formas verbales.
Verbo
Discurso directo
Discurso indirecto/reported speech
presente simpleI like to play sports.pasado simple

She said (that) she liked to play sports. 

presente continuoI am doing my exam.pasado continuo

He said (that) he was doing his exam. 

pasado simpleI cleaned my room. pasado perfecto simple

She said (that) she had cleaned his room. 

pasado continuoI was playing my video game. pasado perfecto continuo

He said (that) he had been playing his video game. 

presente perfectoI haven’t been to the park. pasado perfecto

She said (that) she hadn’t been to the park. 

pasado perfectoI had seen that guy before Wednesday. pasado perfecto

She said (that) she hadn’t seen that guy before Wednesday. 

presente perfecto continuoI have been living in Spain for two years. pasado perfecto continuo

She said (that) she had been living in Spain for two years. 

futuro simpleI will go to the market. condicional (would)

She said (that) she would go to the market. 

condicionalHe wouldn’t go to the concert. condicional (would)

He said (that) he wouldn’t go to the concert. 

ought to I ought to buy a phone.ought to

She said she ought to buy a phone. 

mayI may come tonight. could/would

He said he would/could come tonight. 

need toI need to get a new cup.must/had to

He said (that) he must get a new cup/ he said that he had to get a new cup. 

canI can speak Spanish. could

She said (that) she could speak Spanish.

couldI could dance when I was younger. could

She said (that) she could dance when she was younger.

shallThey shall not come this evening. would

He said (that) they wouldn’t come this/that evening.

shouldI should buy a new phone.should

She said (that) she should buy a new phone. 

mightI might arrive late today. might

She said (that) she might arrive late today/yesterday/the other day. 

mustI must go to the mall. must

She said (that) she must go to the mall. 

Esta es una lista completa de todas las formas verbales activas y auxiliares modales con sus formas respectivas que funcionan en discurso indirecto. Es importante notar que las expresiones del tiempo pueden cambiar, por ejemplo::

‘I cleaned my room yesterday’. = ‘He said (that) he had cleaned his room yesterday/the other day/Tuesday/Friday/two weeks ago etc.’  La referencia del tiempo dependerá completamente por la situación y punto del tiempo.

Ver también:

Have any doubts? Leave a comment

Este sitio usa Akismet para reducir el spam. Aprende cómo se procesan los datos de tus comentarios.