It can be difficult to know when you can use a gerund, a bare infinitive or ‘to’ + infinitive, and whether it is correct. A gerund is an –ing ending. For examples: running, enjoying, playing etc. There are three rules as to when you need to use the gerund (verb + –ing):
The gerund is used after specific verbs that usually always take the gerund form afterwards.
We use the gerund after prepositions, e.g.: until, by, before etc.
We use the gerund as the subject or the object of a sentence e.g.: playing football is great.
Gerunds are used after specific verbs that usually always take the gerund form. These verbs take the gerund form
She fancies leaving early.
I’ve discussed going on vacation with her.
Mary usually avoids partying.
I keep insisting to her.
Harry recommends getting a head-start.
Joseph had suggested travelling to Paris.
I don’t mind getting dirty.
She really dislikes smoking.
Let’s enjoy spending our time together.
I’ll finish running through your work.
Don’t risk losing your job.
Harry can’t help cheating.
Maria can’t stand getting up early.
Samuel appreciates being able to come.
I will have been practising swimming for two years by tomorrow.
Please don’t postpone meeting the venture capitalist.
She was missing studying.
They delayed flying.
I shall consider coming tonight.
My education involves learning lots about geography.
The accused denied stealing.
They will complete training in thirty minutes.
I understand living here is difficult.
The courts won’t tolerate shouting.
I think he mentioned leaving at around 20:00h.
Last night she imagined arriving late.
The man recalled saving the guy’s life.
The journalist reported interviewing the chief in stuff.
You must anticipate arriving at that time.
The gerund form (verb + –ing) must be used after all prepositions