Determiners: identifiers and quantifiers
By definition, determiners are; a word (such as an article, possessive, demonstrative, or quantifier) that makes specific the denotation of a noun phrase -Merriam Webster
Determiners are split up or divided into two main categories; Identifiers and quantifiers. Determiners are words like; either, every, a, my, that, neither etc. Determiners either identify nouns or quantify nouns, hence the two categories of determiners: Identifiers and quantifiers.
Identifiers (used to identify the noun, to express which one(s), or whether the thing or person is known to the recipient). articles, possessives, and demonstratives can all function as identifying determiners.
Articles: a/an, the
- I like the horse.
- It’s a great day.
Possessives: my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their, one’s, whose…
- My car and motorbike
- Your friend.
Demonstratives: this, these, that, those
- She loves this house in particular.
- Those guys are great.
Quantifiers (quantifiers express the ‘amount’ or ‘quantity’ of a noun; both thing or person. They can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns.
- Would you like some more coffee?
- He doesn’t have any bicycles left.
- She has no news to talk about.
- I’ve got enough ice-cream thanks.
This is just a very small portion of ‘quantifiers‘. Others include less, least, all several, little, few, etc.
‘Quantifying determiners‘ can also be put in further subordinating categories, either the ones that go with ‘uncountable nouns‘, ‘countable nouns‘ and both ‘countable and uncountable nouns‘.
Determiners for uncountable nouns
- a great deal of
- a large quantity of
- a bit of
- a little
Determiners for ‘both countable and uncountable nouns
- lots of
- plenty of
Determiners for ‘countable nouns’
- a few
- a majority of
- a number of
- a large amount of
Modal auxiliary verbs:
- Articles (a/an, the, zero article)
- Pronouns: subject, object and possessive
- Question tags
- English conditionals
- Interrogatives in English
- Phrasal verbs
- Prefixes and suffixes
- Reported and direct speech
- Punctuation: apostrophes, colons, semi-colons, commas, dashes, full stops, question marks, exclamation marks, and quotation marks
- Numbers: cardinal, ordinal, and Roman numbers
- The verb: “get”
- ‘Get’ vs. ‘go’ and ‘got’ vs. ‘gotten’
- Copular verbs
- Cleft sentences
- Subjunctive in English
- Vulgar and taboo in English
- Split infinitive
- Emphasis with inversion
- Gerunds in English
- To + infinitive
- Bare infinitive
- British and American spelling