Countable nouns vs. uncountable nouns
- One friend, two friends.
- A star, some stars.
- This pen, these pens.
- One curtain, many curtains.
- One fish, many fish.
- A deer, multiple deer.
Most plural forms of countable nouns are formed by adding an -s to the singular form. However, some plurals can further alter the word.
- One goose, two geese.
- One mouse, many mice.
- This child, these children.
Countable nouns ending in -f or -fe will be pluralised with –ves.
- One calf, many calves.
- This knife, these knives.
- A wife, some wives.
Countable nouns ending in -o will be pluralised with -oes.
- One potato, many potatoes.
- A tornado, two tornadoes.
- A tomato, some tomatoes.
Countable nouns ending in -y or -ie will be pluralised with -ies.
- One felony, many felonies.
- A peony, two peonies.
- One sharpie, two sharpies.
As opposed to countable nouns, uncountable nouns cannot be counted. Therefore, they do not have a plural form.
- Some milk, but never one milk, or many milks.
- Some rice, but never one rice, or many rices.
- Other examples are power, luggage, advice, money, water…
Many vs. Much
We use the determiner many for countable nouns.
- I have many friends.
- There were many dogs.
- You can do it in many ways.
- I saw so many trees.
- You have too many worries.
We use the determiner much for uncountable nouns.
- You put too much oil in!
- I don’t have much milk left.
- There’s so much sunlight coming through my window.
- Do you have much luggage to load in the truck?