Conjunctions are words like: because, and, or, but. They are words that connect sentences and clauses and show the relationship between them. We use conjunctions in English to avoid using full stops after every clause to add flow and harmony to the sentence. In this lesson, we’re going to delve into ‘coordinating conjunctions’.
(1) Coordinating conjunctions are words like: and, or, for, yet, soon, nor, either etc. Their purpose is to join or link clauses and phrases together that are of similar importance, grammatically speaking. So the sentences must not depend on anything else to give or change the meaning in order for the coordinating conjunction to function. Examples below:
- Which pen would you like? The red or the blue?
- I’m a fast runner but my friend Peter is faster.
- She has done all her homework and finished her speech.
- I really like the way she sings yet I don’t believe she has what it takes to win.
- We didn’t sign the player onto the team for he is not worth his price.
- We can’t tell him our secret nor anyone else.
(2) In the next few examples, all the above examples that include coordinating conjunctions will now be written out without their respective coordinating conjunctions to prove why they are necessary to avoid excessive redundancy;
- Which pen would you like? Would you like the red one? Would you like the blue one?
- I’m a fast runner. My friend Peter is faster.
- She has done all her homework. She has also finished her speech.
- I really like the way she sings. I don’t believe she has what it takes to win.
- We didn’t sign the player onto the team. He is not worth his price.
- We can’t tell him our secret. We cannot tell anyone else.
As we can see in all the above examples, that, without the coordinating conjunctions we are left with either excessive redundancy or the need to make separate sentences altogether instead of having just one sentence. Coordinating conjunctions are a vital part of the English grammar and need to be used accordingly.
- Articles (a/an, the, zero article)
- Pronouns: subject, object and possessive
- Question tags
- English conditionals
- Interrogatives in English
- Phrasal verbs
- Prefixes and suffixes
- Reported and direct speech
- Numbers: cardinal, ordinal, and Roman numbers
- The verb: “get”
- ‘Get’ vs. ‘go’ and ‘got’ vs. ‘gotten’
- Copular verbs
- Cleft sentences
- Subjunctive in English
- Vulgar and taboo in English
- Split infinitive
- Emphasis with inversion
- Gerunds in English
- To + infinitive
- Bare infinitive
- British and American spelling