Adverbs in English
What are adverbs in English?
In English, adverbs are words that are used to modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs as well as sentences – see adverbs of sentence. Furthermore, adverbs form part of the six parts of speech in English (nouns, adjectives, verbs, prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs).
- Adverbs of frequency
- Adverbs of place
- Adverbs of time
- Adverbs of manner
- Adverbs of degree
- Sentence adverbs
- Relative adverbs
- Interrogative adverbs
How do we use adverbs in English?
|The adjective is being modified||You seem very excited.||Very is modifying the adjective “excited”.|
|The verb is being modified||He read the book slowly.||Slowly is modifying the verb “read”.|
|The adverb is being modified||You spoke somewhat angrily.||Somewhat is modifying the adverb “angrily”.|
|The entire sentence is being modified||Thankfully, you won’t need me.||Thankfully is modifying the entire sentence “you won’t need me”.|
Very, slowly, somewhat and thankfully are all adverbs.
How are adverbs made?
Some adverbs have fixed forms and cannot be changed or altered such as “somewhat” or “very”, however, many adverbs are made by inserting the suffix -ly to the ends of adjectives.
This is a very simple rule and not hard to follow:
- He is careful and drove carefully.
- My test was easy and I passed it easily.
- You’re a happy person and you act happily.
As you can see, by adding the suffix -ly to the above adjectives careful, easy and happy these adjectives are converted to adverbs and will function as such.
So, when you need to use an adverb in your next sentence, for the most part, you can simply add the suffix -ly to the adjectives.
Bear in mind, though, that for adverbs with fixed or irregular forms, this will not work. See above for a full list with descriptions of all types of adverbs in English.